grammar explanation about preposition


Prepositions with addresses

We use prepositions in, on and at, when we want to say where we live. Look at the following English conversation for example:

Conversation about where someone lives

A: Hi, Are you Alexander?

B: Yes, I am. What's your name?

A: My name is Susanna, but all of my friends call me Susan or Sue.

B: Hi Sue, it's nice to meet you. Please, call me Alex.

A: By the way, where do you live, Alex?

B: In Kampung Melayu. How about you?

A: Oh, just 100 meters from here. I live on Jalan Sudirman.


Preposition with addresses:

Prepositions of location

When we go to a supermarket or a department store, we often ask a shop assistant or a salesperson to show us where an item or things are located. She will use a number of prepositions of location when answering our questions. Study the following English dialogues

Conversation in a department store

A: I am looking for some exercise shoes.

B: For mountain trekking or ordinary sports such as jogging or playing tennis?

A: For jogging.

B: They are in front of the exercise pants.


A: Do you sell swimsuits?

B: Yes, we do. But they are in the other department across from here.


A: Does your shop sell skiing gloves?

B: Yes. They are right behind you.


A: Where are the hats?

B: They are near the cashier

A: Oh, thanks


A: Have you got running shoes?

B: Yes, we have. They are in back of the racks for leather shoes.


Conversation in a supermarket

A: Where are the bathing soaps?

B: They are next to the shelves for detergent.


Synonym prepositions:

Prepositions of in and into for giving instructions

The prepositions in and into are frequently used when we explain about how a machine works using affirmative and negative imperative. Study the dialogue below:

A: Hi, Jeremia. Can you help me, please?

B: What can I do for you, Linda?

A: I don't know how to operate this fax machine.

B: It's simple to operate. Now see this. Put the paper or document that you want to sent here and then dial the number. When the fax machine has pulled the paper in, press the START button.

A: Ok, I see. It's very simple, actually.

B: Oh, one thing I forget?

A: What else?

B: Don't put newspaper or tissue into the machine.

A: I understand. That's easy enough. Thanks.


Prepositions in and into

Don't put newspaper in the machine.

Don't put tissue into the inkjet printer.

Don't put cleaning tissue in the microwave oven.

Don't go into the cave. The surface of the ground is slippery.


Do the exercises below:

Prepositions of Place - Matching Exercise

Prepositions of Place - in the classroom

Prepositions of Location



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